Global Depositary Receipt (GDR) Definition and Example

Definition of GDRs

A Global Depositary Receipt (GDR) is a financial instrument that represents shares in a foreign company. It is issued by a depository bank in one country and can be traded on an international stock exchange. GDRs allow investors to hold shares in a foreign company without actually owning the physical shares.

GDRs are typically denominated in a currency other than the currency of the issuing company, which makes them attractive to international investors. They provide a way for investors to diversify their portfolios and gain exposure to foreign markets without the need to directly invest in individual foreign stocks.

How GDRs Work

When a foreign company decides to issue GDRs, it appoints a depository bank to handle the process. The depository bank purchases a block of shares from the issuing company and holds them in custody. It then issues GDRs to investors, with each GDR representing a certain number of underlying shares.

Investors can buy and sell GDRs on an international stock exchange, just like they would with regular stocks. The depository bank acts as an intermediary, facilitating the trading of GDRs and ensuring that the underlying shares are held securely.

Dividends and other corporate actions, such as stock splits or rights issues, are typically passed through to GDR holders. However, the depository bank may charge fees for these services.

Advantages of GDRs

GDRs offer several advantages to both companies and investors:

1. Access to International Capital

By issuing GDRs, companies can tap into international capital markets and attract investors from around the world. This can help them raise funds for expansion, acquisitions, or other corporate purposes.

2. Diversification

Investors can use GDRs to diversify their portfolios and gain exposure to different industries and countries. GDRs provide a way to invest in foreign companies without the need for extensive research or the complexities of investing directly in foreign stocks.

3. Liquidity

GDRs are traded on international stock exchanges, which means they offer liquidity to investors. This allows investors to buy and sell GDRs easily, providing flexibility and the ability to react to market conditions.

Overall, GDRs are a popular investment option for both companies and investors looking to participate in international markets and diversify their portfolios.

Example of GDRs in International Markets

Global Depositary Receipts (GDRs) are a popular investment instrument used in international markets. They allow investors to hold shares of foreign companies without the need to directly own the underlying shares.

Let’s take a look at an example to better understand how GDRs work in international markets:

Company XYZ

Company XYZ is a leading technology company based in Country A. It has a strong presence in the local market and is looking to expand its operations globally. To attract international investors, Company XYZ decides to issue GDRs.

First, Company XYZ selects a depository bank, which will be responsible for issuing and managing the GDRs. The depository bank is typically located in a major financial center, such as London or New York.

Next, Company XYZ enters into an agreement with the depository bank, granting it the right to issue GDRs representing Company XYZ’s shares. The depository bank then purchases a block of Company XYZ’s shares in the local market.

Investors from around the world can now purchase these GDRs on the international stock exchange. The GDRs are traded in the local currency of the stock exchange, making it easier for international investors to invest in Company XYZ without having to deal with foreign exchange complexities.

When an investor purchases GDRs, they effectively own a portion of Company XYZ’s shares. They are entitled to receive dividends and participate in any capital appreciation of the underlying shares.

GDRs provide international investors with an opportunity to diversify their portfolio and gain exposure to foreign companies and markets. They also provide companies like Company XYZ with access to a larger pool of international investors and capital.