# Rate of Return (RoR) – Definition, Calculation, and Illustrations

## What is Rate of Return?

The Rate of Return (RoR) is a financial metric used to measure the profitability or performance of an investment. It is expressed as a percentage and represents the gain or loss on an investment relative to the amount invested.

The RoR is an important tool for investors as it helps them evaluate the potential returns and risks associated with different investment opportunities. It allows investors to compare the performance of different investments and make informed decisions about where to allocate their capital.

### Importance of Rate of Return

The Rate of Return is a key factor in determining the attractiveness of an investment. It provides investors with a clear picture of the potential returns they can expect from their investment, which helps them assess the risk-reward trade-off.

By calculating the RoR, investors can determine whether an investment is generating positive or negative returns. Positive returns indicate that the investment is profitable, while negative returns suggest that the investment is losing value.

Furthermore, the RoR allows investors to compare the performance of different investments and choose the ones that offer the highest potential returns. This helps investors optimize their portfolio and maximize their overall profitability.

### Calculating Rate of Return

The Rate of Return can be calculated using the following formula:

Where:

• RoR is the Rate of Return
• Ending Value is the final value of the investment
• Beginning Value is the initial value of the investment

For example, if an investor purchases a stock for \$1,000 and sells it a year later for \$1,200, the RoR would be calculated as follows:

This means that the investor earned a 20% return on their investment.

## How to Calculate Rate of Return?

The rate of return (RoR) is a financial metric used to measure the profitability of an investment. It represents the percentage gain or loss on an investment relative to the initial amount invested. Calculating the rate of return allows investors to assess the performance of their investments and make informed decisions.

To calculate the rate of return, you need to know the initial investment amount, the final investment value, and the time period of the investment. The formula for calculating the rate of return is as follows:

Here is a step-by-step guide on how to calculate the rate of return:

1. Determine the initial investment amount: This is the amount of money you initially invested in the investment.
2. Determine the final investment value: This is the current value of your investment after a certain period of time.
3. Subtract the initial investment amount from the final investment value.
4. Divide the result by the initial investment amount.
5. Multiply the quotient by 100 to convert it into a percentage.

For example, let’s say you invested \$10,000 in a stock and after one year, the value of your investment is \$12,000. To calculate the rate of return, you would use the following formula:

This means that your investment has generated a 20% return over the course of one year.

Calculating the rate of return is a useful tool for investors to assess the performance of their investments and make informed decisions. By comparing the rate of return of different investments, investors can determine which investments are generating the highest returns and adjust their investment strategies accordingly.